The authors report 7 cases of infants presenting with an apparent life-threatening event associated with acute pericerebral haemorrhage (subarachnoid haemorrhage and/or subdural hematoma) without evidence of traumatism, abuse, or shaking. Clinical characteristics were the same in all cases, including limpness, severe dysautonomic disorders, and pallor; all infants had retinal and pre-retinal haemorrhages. Two infants died; the five survivors have severe neurologic sequelae. The symptoms revealing an infant's pericerebral haemorrhage are usually axial hypotonia and pallor. Traumatism remains the most common aetiology and must be searched for. Non-traumatic aetiologies are unusual and were excluded in these reported cases. The 'shaken baby' syndrome is not the sole aetiology of an apparent spontaneous pericerebral haemorrhage: a slight bump associated with predisposing vascular factors particular to infancy could be involved. When confronted with an apparent life-threatening event associating limpness and pallor, one must consider the diagnosis of pericerebral haemorrhage.